Procedures To Get Tax Exemption Certificate in Bangladesh
A tax exemption is the reduction or elimination of a person’s obligation to pay a tax that would otherwise be imposed. The tax-exempt status may provide total tax exemption, a reduction in tax rates, or impose tax on only a portion of the item. The application for a tax exemption certificate must be submitted at the start of the income year.
Sample Tax Calculation:
There are two primary methods to reduce your tax liability:
· Forwarding letter regarding documents submission
· TIN Certificate.
· Trade License;
· Business Declaration Letter;
· Statement U/S 108 Submission Copy;
· Bank Statements;
· Latest Income Tax Certificate of the Company;
· Office Rent Agreement;
· Challan of TDS on Office Rent;
· Challans of TDS on Salary;
· Statement of Forecasted Sales;
· Sales Contract;
· Projected AIT Amount Certificate;
· Business Agreement with Foreign Customer;
· Previous Tax Exemption Certificate Copy;
· List of Employees;
· Latest Annual Audit Report Copy; and
· Last Year Actual AIT Amount Certificate
Application: A format prescribed by NBR.
This letter should include the names of the documents that must be submitted along with the documents attached.
ITO 1984, Sixth Schedule
Any income derived from the following business of a resident or non-resident Bangladeshi for the period from July 1, 2008 to June 30, 2024, on the condition that the person/entity file an income tax return in accordance with the provisions of Section 75 of the ordinance.
Business Categories that are eligible to get Tax Exemption in Bangladesh:
1. Software Development 2. Software or application customization 3. Nationwide Telecommunication Transmission Network (NTTN) 4. Digital Content Development & management 5.Digital animation development 6. Website development 7. Website services 8. Web listing 9. IT Process outsourcing 10. Website hosting 11. Digital graphics design 12. Digital data entry and processing 13. Digital data analytics 14. Geographic Information Services 15. IT Support test lab services 16. Software test lab services 17. Call center services 18. Overseas medical transcription 19. Search engine optimization services 20 Document conversion, imaging and digital archiving 21 Robotics process outsourcing 22. Cyber Security services 23. Cloud service 24. System Integration 25. e-learning platform 26. e-book publications 27. Mobile application development 28. IT Freelancing
It should be emphasized that in order to be eligible for this exemption, the tax return must be filed on a regular basis. Furthermore, in order to be eligible for these benefits, the company may need to get BASIS membership and a tax exemption certificate from the appropriate tax office on an annual basis.
General tax breaks in Bangladesh
What general tax credits are available in your country/jurisdiction?
Assignees (both resident and non-resident Bangladeshis) can obtain investment tax credits by investing in government-designated areas.
Even if they become tax residents in Bangladesh, expatriates are not eligible for tax credits or investment allowances. In Bangladesh, double taxation treaties do not apply. Income earned or derived from the Bangladesh delegation is taxed. The following is how the investment tax credit is calculated:
A Comprehensive Guide: How to Apply for an Import of Pesticide License
Importing pesticides is a regulated activity that requires careful adherence to governmental guidelines and procedures to ensure the safety of the environment, human health, and agricultural practices. If you are considering importing pesticides for commercial or personal use, obtaining an import of pesticide license is a crucial step in the process.
This article will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to apply for an import of pesticide license, covering all the necessary details to make the application process smooth and successful.
Understanding the Importance of an Import of Pesticide License
Importing pesticides involves dealing with substances that can have a significant impact on ecosystems, crops, and human health.
As a result, governments implement stringent regulations to ensure that the import and use of pesticides are carried out responsibly and safely. An import of pesticide license is a legal requirement that demonstrates your commitment to complying with these regulations, safeguarding the environment, and protecting consumers.
Step-by-Step Guide: How to Apply for an Import of Pesticide License
Step 1: Gather Required Documents
Before initiating the application process, ensure you have all the necessary documents ready. These documents are essential for verifying your eligibility and the safety of the pesticides you intend to import. The required documents include:
Completed Application Form: Obtain the application form from the Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Extension. Fill in all the necessary details accurately and legibly. Incomplete applications are likely to be rejected.
Registration Number of Importing Pesticide: Before applying for an import of pesticide license, ensure that you are registered as an importer. This registration is a prerequisite for obtaining the license.
Brand and Descriptive Names of Pesticide List: Provide a comprehensive list of the brand names and descriptive names of the pesticides you intend to import. This information helps authorities verify the substances you plan to bring into the country.
Ingredients List: Furnish the names of all ingredients present in the pesticides you wish to import. This list is crucial for evaluating the safety and potential impact of the pesticides.
Ingredient Quantity List Document: Detail the quantity of each ingredient contained in the pesticides. This data is essential for assessing the potential risk associated with the imported substances.
Treasury Challan: Pay the prescribed fee as requested by the relevant authority. The treasury challan serves as proof of payment and is required to proceed with your application.
Step 2: Apply In-Person
To initiate the application process, you need to visit the Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Extension in person. This step ensures that your application is submitted accurately and allows you to seek clarifications or address any queries in real-time.
Approach the concerned officer at the Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Extension. They will provide you with the necessary application form and guide you through the process.
Fill in all the required details in the application form. Ensure that the information provided is accurate and complete.
Attach photocopies of all the required documents mentioned in the “Required Documents” section to your application form.
Submit the completed application form and attached documents to the concerned officer. At this stage, ensure that you have included all the necessary documents to avoid delays in processing.
Step 3: Application Review and Processing
Once you have submitted your application, the concerned authority will review the submitted documents and application form. This review is conducted to ensure that all necessary information and documentation are provided correctly.
The authority will assess the completeness of your application. If any documents are missing or incomplete, your application may be rejected or delayed. Therefore, double-check your application before submission.
If your application is complete and in order, you will receive an acknowledgment receipt. Keep this receipt safe, as it serves as evidence that your application has been received.
The application will then undergo further processing. Updates regarding the status of your application will be communicated to you via SMS on the mobile number you provided in the application form.
If your application is approved, you will receive a notification. The authority will contact you via phone to provide instructions on the next steps.
Upon notification of approval, you will be required to visit the Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Extension office once again.
During your visit, you will be issued the import of pesticide license. This license authorizes you to import the specified pesticides in compliance with the regulations and guidelines set forth by the government.
Step 5: Completion of the Process
The entire process, from submitting the application to receiving the import of pesticide license, can typically be completed within 15 to 20 days, or as per the timeline advised by the respective department authority.
Obtaining an import of pesticide license is a crucial step in ensuring the responsible and safe import of pesticides. This process involves submitting a comprehensive application along with necessary documents and undergoing a thorough evaluation by the relevant authority.
By following the step-by-step guide provided in this article, you can navigate the application process smoothly and contribute to the sustainable and ethical use of pesticides in agriculture and other sectors. Always remember that adherence to regulations and guidelines not only benefits your business but also safeguards the environment and human health for generations to come.
Contact us to get an Import of Pesticide License in Bangladesh:
GLOBAL OFFICES: DHAKA: House 410, ROAD 29, Mohakhali DOHS DUBAI: Rolex Building, L-12 Sheikh Zayed Road LONDON: 1156, St Giles Avenue, Dagenham
Bills of exchange and promissory notes are written pledges between two parties that confirm the completion of a financial transaction. Bills of exchange are more commonly employed in foreign trade than promissory notes are in domestic trade.
A negotiable instrument is a written commercial document that contains an order for money to be paid on demand or after a particular period of time. Bills of exchange, promissory notes, and cheques are the three sorts. In some cases, the bill of exchange is used in conjunction with a promissory note. The primary distinction between a Bill of Exchange and a Promissory Note is that the former bears a command to pay money, whilst the latter bears a promise to pay money.
Acceptance is a key distinction between the two business instruments; bills of exchange must be accepted in order to be effective. A promissory note, on the other hand, does not require any type of acceptance. So, when working with these two, one should be aware of their significance and characteristics.
What exactly is a Promissory Note?
A promissory note is a form of negotiable instrument that contains a written promise to pay in full. These are duly signed and stamped by their drawers, stating that they will pay a particular sum of money to the holder on a specific day or on demand. Promissory notes, which are used by debtors to borrow from creditors, may not be accepted by a creditor after they have been drawn.
Hence, they have the following characteristics.
Written promises to repay a debt.
The drawer or promisor must sign.
The payment date is set in stone.
Both the promisor and the promisee agree on a sum of money to be paid.
For settlement, the legal currency of the relevant country is used. It involves the two parties listed below:
The debtor who promises to pay a certain amount to its creditor.
A creditor who has been promised a certain amount of money on a specific day.
What exactly is a Bill of Exchange?
A bill of exchange, which is a written note legally bonded and duly stamped and signed by its drawer, is also a negotiable tool. It directs that a certain sum of money be paid to the holder of this instrument on demand or within a specified time limit. These are usually payments for products and services that must be accepted by a debtor in order to be valid. It has the features listed below.
It must be properly dated.
Contains a payment order.
The drawer/maker’s signature is required.
A drawee must accept the bill.
The payment order and amount should be specified.
It has to be delivered to the appropriate payee.
It involves the three parties listed below:
The person who receives payment from the issuer of this instrument.
A person who must pay the applicable sum.
Payee: This is the person who gets payment and, in most cases, is the same as the drawer. What is the difference between Promissory Notes and Bills of Exchange? While promissory notes, bills of exchange, and cheques have some similarities, they are separate from one another. Despite the fact that they are financial instruments with a documented pledge to pay.
BASIS FOR COMPARISON
BILL OF EXCHANGE
Bill of Exchange is an instrument in writing showing the indebtedness of a buyer towards the seller of goods.
A promissory note is a written promise made by the debtor to pay a certain sum of money to the creditor at a future specified date.
Notice is necessary to be given to all the parties involved.
Notice is not necessary to be given to the maker.
There are significant distinctions between bills of exchange and promissory notes, as you are now aware. Here are some of the most noticeable differences:
A bill of exchange is a negotiable instrument produced when the debtor is directed to pay the creditor the outstanding amount within a particular time frame. A promissory note, on the other hand, is a written agreement between the drawer and the drawee in which the drawer pledges to pay a certain amount within a certain time frame.
A Bill of Exchange involves three parties: the drawer, the drawee, and the payee. A promissory note involves two parties: the drawer and the payee/drawee.
A bill of exchange must be accepted by the debtor in order to be considered valid. In the case of a promissory note, the drawee’s acceptance is not required.
If the Bill of Exchange is not followed, a notice is given to all parties involved. In the case of a promissory note, no notice of dishonor is issued to the “maker.”
In the event of a bill of exchange, no asset is kept as security. An asset can be used as collateral for a loan in specific cases, such as with promissory notes.
Bills of exchange and promissory notes are equally as important in business as cheques. These notions, which are critical for commercial transactions and financing, are, nevertheless, rarely emphasized. Bills of exchange are one of the most crucial negotiable documents when a debtor obtains products on credit.
The creditor sends the debtor a bill of exchange, asking him to pay the amount within the time range indicated. The promissory note is similar, but it is issued by the debtor and specifies that the required amount will be paid within a specified time frame. These ideas will help you understand business in a practical way, and you will be able to apply them in your own business or at work.
Bill of Exchange
A negotiable instrument issued to order the debtor to pay the creditor a certain sum of money within a specific date or on demand.
A negotiable instrument issued by the debtor with a written promise to pay the creditor a certain amount within a specific date or on demand.
Mentioned in Section 5 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881
Mentioned in Section 4 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881
Three parties involved i.e a drawer, the drawee and a payee.
Two parties involved i.e a drawer/maker and the payee
Drawee needs to accept the bill of exchange before payment.
No acceptance required from the drawee.
Liability of drawer is secondary and conditional.
Liability of drawer is primary and absolute.
Dishonouring of instrument
Notice served to all the concerned parties involved in the transaction on dishonouring the instrument.
No notice served to the drawer in case of dishonouring the instrument.
Bill of exchange can have copies.
The promissory note allows no copies.
Is it Payable to drawer/maker
Yes, the same person can be drawer and payee.
The same person cannot be drawer and payee.
ব্যারিস্টার তাহমিদুর রহমান রিমুরা কর্তৃক চেক ডিসঅনার মামলা সম্পর্কিত আইনী সেবা:
ব্যারিস্টার তাহমিদুর রহমান: সিএলপি একটি সনামধন্য ‘ল’ চেম্বার যেখানে ব্যারিস্টারস এবং আইনজীবীদের মাধ্যমে চেক ডিসঅনারের মামলা সম্পর্কিত সকল প্রকার আইনগত সহায়তা, পরামর্শ প্রদান করে থাকে। কোন প্রশ্ন বা আইনী সহায়তার জন্য আমাদের সাথে যোগাযোগ করুনঃ-
In Bangladesh, mutation is a significant role in land ownership. When you acquire ownership of land or property, you must execute the mutation. It is a crucial piece of evidence supporting the land’s title.
If your name is not on the most recent Khatian or if you update the record through mutation, you will be unable to sell the land. In other words, if the seller’s name is not changed, you will be unable to purchase land.
If you have a property, you should be aware of mutation khatian.
In general, mutation refers to writing the new owner’s name in the Khatian who has acquired ownership through transfer or inheritance.
In other words, it refers to the legal procedure of documenting the name of a new landowner by changing and updating the Khatian in order to pay land development tax.
Separation of holdings
If a Khatian contains the names of numerous owners, the process of separating the portions of an owner by generating a new Khatian is known as. Joma Kharij is addressed in Section 117 of the State Acquisition and Tenancy Act of 1950 (the “SAT Act”).
The Legal Basis for Mutation
Mutation is addressed in Section 143 of the State Acquisition and Tenancy Act 1950, as well as Rules 8, 9, and 23 of the Tenancy Rules 1954-1955. Aside from those, the government has issued other circulars in this regard.
When it is necessary to mutate
If a person acquires land through any legal means, the applicable Khatian must be updated. A mutation is then necessary.
One of the primary goals of the mutation is to notify the government about the most recent change in ownership and to allow the government to collect land tax from the new owner.
Mutation is usually required for the following reasons:
If the landowner dies and his or her heirs wish to update the documents.
If land title is transferred via recorded deed.
If land ownership is dissolved due to alluvion or under SAT Act sections 90, 91, 92, and 93.
If a person obtains ownership of land through a civil court order.
For khas land settlement.
The mutation process
To modify a piece of land, the owner must submit an application to the AC (Land) in the prescribed form. There are several government fees to consider.
Tahmidur Rahman Remura Wahid is a prominent property law firm in Bangladesh that specializes in assisting clients with various legal aspects of property ownership and transfer. With a team of experienced lawyers and legal experts, the firm offers comprehensive services to clients seeking mutation khatian.
Our lawyers expertise in property laws, local regulations, and bureaucratic procedures makes them a reliable partner for individuals and businesses navigating the mutation process.
Step-by-Step Process of Obtaining Mutation Khatian
The process begins with the collection and verification of necessary documents, including land deeds, title documents, tax receipts, and identity proofs. The legal team at Tahmidur Rahman Remura Wahid assists clients in ensuring all required documents are in order.
Government officials conduct a site inspection to verify the details provided in the application. This step is crucial to ensure the accuracy of the property’s physical attributes and ownership information.
d. Public Notice:
A public notice is issued to allow for any objections or claims regarding the mutation. This provides an opportunity for interested parties to raise concerns, if any.
e. Objection Resolution:
If objections arise, the legal team at Tahmidur Rahman Remura Wahid assists in resolving disputes and ensuring a fair resolution. This may involve legal negotiations and documentation.
f. Mutation Entry:
Upon resolution of objections, if any, the mutation entry is made in the land records, reflecting the change in ownership or property details. The updated khatian is issued to the property owner.
Benefits of Engaging Tahmidur Rahman Remura Wahid for obtaining mutation khatian in Bangladesh
Partnering with Tahmidur Rahman Remura Wahid offers several benefits throughout the mutation khatian process:
a. Legal Expertise: The firm’s legal experts have an in-depth understanding of property laws and regulations in Bangladesh. This expertise ensures a seamless and legally compliant mutation process.
b. Document Preparation: The firm assists clients in compiling and preparing all necessary documents, reducing the chances of errors or omissions that could lead to delays or rejections.
c. Objection Handling: In case of objections or disputes, the legal team employs effective negotiation and legal strategies to ensure a smooth resolution in favor of the client.
d. Time Efficiency: The experienced legal professionals expedite the mutation process, minimizing unnecessary delays and ensuring timely completion.
e. Peace of Mind: Engaging Tahmidur Rahman Remura Wahid offers clients peace of mind, knowing that their property matters are in the hands of capable legal experts.
The candidate must clearly state in the application form
the applicant’s and transferor’s names and addresses; a detailed description of the land and its surrounding boundaries; the size, type, and identification of the land; information related to all prior Khatians; and the date of such registration. Furthermore, the applicant should include a copy of
Title deed, through deed, copy of Khatian, proof of payment of land development tax, copy of the decree or judgment obtained from the competent court (if applicable), passport size photograph of the applicant, and other supporting documentation should be included with the application. In the case of inheritance, the procedure is slightly different. It is necessary to have a succession certificate.
A mutation proceeding is not a judicial proceeding that determines title to immovable property. It can only be used as proof at best.
In any mutation case, there is a right to appeal the ruling.
If a person is dissatisfied with the outcome of a mutation case, he or she may submit an appeal with the collector, and the appeal may be heard by the Commissioner of the Division.
There are also review and correction options.
Change with the appropriate government agency for leasehold property
If your property is rented from a government agency (for example, RAJUK or the National Housing Authority), you may need to update the record kept by that government organization.
If you acquired the lease straight from the government agency, no modification is required with the agency. If you gained the land by a method other than the lease, you must change your name in the agency’s records.
Land mutation and ownership
I have full mutation, thus I must be the owner of the land, right? This was a frequently asked question.
The answers are not so straightforward.
Let’s start with Khatian because we’re modifying it through mutation.
Khatian is not a title document in and of itself. It is proof of present possession. A Khatian does not create or abolish titles. It is simply a record of physical possession at the time of preparation.
Similarly, mutation does not give title. Simple mutation and rent payment do not confer any title on anyone.
Mutation, on the other hand, might be valuable evidence if backed by additional evidence. Rent paid after mutation will also serve as evidence.
Rent receipts, while not title documents, are crucial pieces of proof of possession and can be used as collateral evidence of possession because possession usually accompanies title.
Municipal rent receipts are also proof of occupancy following title.
Thus, mutation serves as critical evidence in proving property title. Once you own any land, you should complete your mutation.
A land cannot be sold without mutation.
With effect from July 1, 2005, the government modified the Registration Act of 1908 and the Transfer of Property Act of 1882 in 2004.
As a result of the amendments to both Acts –
If the seller is not the owner of the property through inheritance, the name of the seller or his/her predecessor must be included in the latest Khatian; otherwise, the name of the seller or his/her predecessor must be included in the latest Khatian. As a result, if the seller’s name is not stated or updated in the most recent Khatian, you should not purchase that land. Because you may be unable to register the deed of sale.
What is Mutation Khatian?
Mutation Khatian, also known as Namjari, is a legal document that records changes in ownership of a piece of land in the government’s record. It replaces the existing owner’s name with the new owner’s name.
Why is Mutation Khatian important?
Mutation Khatian is crucial for legal protection of property. Failure to execute mutation can lead to complications in property ownership, land tax payments, property sales, bank loans, and potential fraud or harassment.
How does Mutation Khatian prevent fraud?
Executing Mutation Khatian ensures that the new owner’s name is recorded in the property record, preventing previous owners from making unfair claims to the property.
Is Mutation Khatian required for bank loans?
Yes, Mutation Khatian is a mandatory document for applying for a bank loan or mortgage. Without it, obtaining a loan or building a house is not legally possible.
How do I execute Mutation Khatian?
To execute Mutation Khatian, you need to collect an application form from the Assistant Commissioner (Land) office, provide details about the property, submit required documents (e.g., deed, khatian, receipts), and either apply online or through a lawyer/representative.
What documents are needed for Mutation Khatian?
Required documents include the applicant’s full name and address, registered transfer documents, photocopies of deeds, Bia documents, Parcha or Khatian, payment receipts, distribution deed (if applicable), and photographs.
Can I apply for Mutation Khatian myself?
Yes, you can collect the necessary documents and apply for Mutation Khatian on your own by paying the prescribed fee. Alternatively, you can hire a lawyer or representative to assist you.
How does TRW law firm help?
Tahmidur Rahman Remura Wahid provides legal services for property-related matters, including Mutation Khatian. They can guide you through the process and address any concerns you have.
What happens if I don’t execute Mutation Khatian?
Failure to execute Mutation Khatian can result in difficulties transferring ownership, paying taxes, selling property, or obtaining loans. It may also expose you to potential disputes and fraud.
Why should I seek professional assistance?
Seeking legal expertise, such as from TRW Law firm , can ensure that the Mutation Khatian process is executed accurately and efficiently, minimising errors and complications.
Contact the best land lawyers and property law firm in Bangladesh:
GLOBAL OFFICES: DHAKA: House 410, ROAD 29, Mohakhali DOHS DUBAI: Rolex Building, L-12 Sheikh Zayed Road LONDON: 1156, St Giles Avenue, Dagenham
Land ownership and property rights hold immense significance in any society, providing stability and security to individuals and communities.
In Bangladesh, where land is a precious resource and a crucial element of livelihoods, the accuracy of land records is of paramount importance. A Khatian, a document that records land ownership details, serves as the cornerstone for property transactions and legal disputes.
However, discrepancies or errors in Khatians can lead to confusion, disputes, and injustices. To address these issues, the legal system in Bangladesh provides the avenue of a Khatian correction suit. In this article, we delve into the intricacies of Khatian correction suits, highlighting their significance, procedures, and challenges.
Understanding Khatian and Its Importance
In the context of land ownership, a Khatian is a vital document that establishes the legal identity of land parcels, their boundaries, and the respective owners. It serves as a comprehensive record of rights, tenures, and liabilities associated with land.
Accurate Khatians are essential for various purposes, including property transactions, inheritance, dispute resolution, and land development. When Khatians contain errors or inaccuracies, it can lead to misunderstandings, legal battles, and hinder socio-economic progress.
CONTENTS OF KHATIAN
Khatiyan determines a lot of critical factors. It does not determine the right to possession of the land, but it serves as supporting evidence for the Title Deed (another vital document for validating ownership). A Khatiyan, or Record of Rights, comprises the following information to that end:
Mouza,Upazilla, District and J.L.No;
Name, father’s name and address of the owner or owners;
Plot (dhag) number;
Portion of the owner or owners;
Class and nature of the land;
Amount of land development tax payable;
Total amount of land (dhag wise) etc.
The Need for Khatian Correction Suits
Errors in Khatians can occur due to a variety of reasons, including typographical mistakes, inaccurate surveys, boundary disputes, and illegal land encroachments. These errors can result in wrongful dispossession of land, disputes among co-owners, and difficulties in obtaining loans or grants.
To address such issues and ensure equitable land ownership, the legal system in Bangladesh provides the option of filing a Khatian correction suit.
Initiating a Khatian Correction Suit
A Khatian correction suit is a legal remedy available to individuals or parties seeking to rectify errors or inaccuracies in land records. The process involves several stages:
Gathering Evidence: The plaintiff (the party initiating the suit) needs to collect substantial evidence that demonstrates the errors in the Khatian. This may involve land survey reports, affidavits from witnesses, historical documents, and any other relevant records.
Filing the Suit: The plaintiff files a suit in the appropriate court, usually the relevant Subordinate Judge Court or Assistant Judge Court, within the jurisdiction where the land is located. The suit should include details of the errors, the proposed corrections, and the grounds for correction.
Summons and Notice: Once the suit is filed, the court issues summons to the defendant(s), notifying them about the lawsuit and its nature. The defendants are given the opportunity to respond and present their side of the case.
Evidence and Arguments: Both parties present their evidence and arguments before the court. The plaintiff must establish the existence of errors in the Khatian, while the defendant may counter with evidence supporting the accuracy of the document.
Court’s Decision: After evaluating the evidence and hearing the arguments, the court decides whether the corrections requested by the plaintiff are justified. If the court deems the corrections necessary, it will issue an order directing the relevant authorities to make the necessary amendments to the Khatian.
Challenges and Considerations
Navigating a Khatian correction suit can be a complex and time-consuming process, involving legal intricacies and potential challenges:
Evidence Collection: Gathering compelling evidence to substantiate errors in the Khatian is essential. This often requires thorough research, land surveys, and witness testimonies, which can be resource-intensive.
Legal Expertise: Engaging legal counsel with expertise in property law is advisable to navigate the legal complexities and procedural requirements of the correction suit.
Delays and Backlogs: The judicial system in Bangladesh, like many other countries, may experience delays and backlogs. This can prolong the duration of the suit, causing frustration and additional costs.
Cooperation of Authorities: The cooperation of relevant land authorities and government agencies is crucial for implementing the corrections ordered by the court. Delays or reluctance on their part can hinder the effectiveness of the correction process.
Boundary Disputes: If the errors in the Khatian are related to boundary disputes, resolving these disputes may require negotiations and consensus-building among the parties involved.
Khatian correction suits play a vital role in ensuring accurate land records, equitable land ownership, and the prevention of unjust dispossession. In a country like Bangladesh, where land-related conflicts can have far-reaching socio-economic implications, a robust and effective mechanism for correcting Khatian errors is essential. By understanding the process, challenges, and potential benefits of filing a Khatian correction suit, individuals and communities can take steps towards securing their land rights, resolving disputes, and contributing to a more just and prosperous society.
State Acquisition and Tenancy Act – SAT ACT
State Acquisition and Tenancy Act; which is specially created for resolving disputes originating from the final publication of the last revised record-of-rights prepared pursuant to Section 144 of the SAT Act.
On the basis of this research and a certain amount of experience with it, we have determined that a large number of cases have been lodged before it without the Tribunal’s knowledge.
The provisions of I 45A(1) make it plain that the Land Survey Tribunal is to be established to correct only the most recently revised record of rights, i.e. only the BS, BRS, or RS record. Therefore, such Tribunals will only have the authority to rectify the final BRS record; they will not be able to view information beyond the final record.
In this regard, Section 145A(4) of the SAT Act may be quoted: “The Land Survey Tribunal shall have no jurisdiction over any action other than those arising from the final publication of the last revised record of rights prepared pursuant to Section 144.”
This subsection (4) of section 145A states that the Tribunal shall only have jurisdiction over cases arising from the final publication of the “last revised record of rights,” i.e. the BS/ BRS/RS Khatian. Therefore, in the Land Survey Tribunal, only the most recent record-of-rights can be the subject of a lawsuit.
Entering in the recent record-of-rights:
Additionally, we are aware that the last (BRS) record cannot be rectified unless the SA record in the plaintiff’s or his predecessors’ names is corrected. Referencing “Without correcting the SA Khatian and RS Khatian as prepared for the case lands in accordance with law previously, the petitioner cannot get its name entered in the recent record-of-rights prepared during the Mohanagar Survey allegedly solely on the basis of CS Khatian” is permissible in this regard.
The petitioner had no standing to dispute the draft Mohanagar Survey Khatian prepared in the names of the respective writ petitioners, at least after the publication of the gazette notifications dated 24 March 1952 and 29 February 1956″, 15 BLC (AD) 115.
Reading this section 145A from this perspective, it is also presumed that the Land Survey Tribunal lacks the authority to correct the SA record; in other words, if a dispute in a lawsuit involves the incorrectness of the former SA record, the Land Survey Tribunal shall have jurisdiction to hear the lawsuit under section 110.
The term ‘arising out of’ as used in this subsection (4) does not include any action in which the plaint alleges that the last BS record was incorrectly published, thereby casting a cloud over the plaintiff’s title.
These terms should only refer to those that the Tribunal may grant pursuant to subsection (8) of section 145A of the SAT Act, i.e. only the correction of the record of rights.
Consequently, suits which, in their petition, seek a declaration that the most recent BS record is incorrect and also seek correction of the said BS record in a specified manner shall be deemed to arise from the most recent record of rights.
Though a suit in the Land Survey Tribunal is not a writ petition, as we have already observed, this is clearly a summary proceeding.
Land Survey Tribunal and summary proceedings
As a result, we presume that the above-mentioned writ principle that “when a dispute involves a complicated question of title and possession between the parties, then this dispute cannot be determined in Land Survey Tribunal in a summary proceeding; rather, the matter should be determined by a civil court in a properly formed suit for establishment of title of the parties” will provide support for our position.
We find support for the following viewpoint: – A right of easement to be confirmed in a proceeding under section 143A is completely outside the scope of investigation under this section, 31 DLR 421. The Court below should exercise caution in encouraging adjudication of disputed title and possession under the auspices of a procedure under Section 143A. A fully effective adjudication of title and possession must be left open for a properly organized suit, 31 DLR 42 J.
In this connection, Section 54 of the SAT Act makes it explicit that where the parties disagree over title to and possession of the suit lands, the Land Survey Tribunals have no authority to settle the disagreement. Only the Civil Court has the authority to proclaim title to and possession of the suit lands.
This point of view is supported by decisions published in 10 DLR 527, 53 DLN 506, and BSCD Vol. Vp. 269. The suit contemplated in Section 30 of the SAT Act is not a suit for the determination of a question of title and possession.
The bar of jurisdiction created by Section 30(2) of the SAT Act is unrelated to the question of title and possession to any land, which is expressly dealt for in Section 54 of the Act, 10 DLR 527.
FAQs about Khatian Correction Suits in Bangladesh
What is a Khatian?
A Khatian is a document that records land ownership details, boundaries, and related information. It serves as a vital record for property transactions and legal purposes in Bangladesh.
Why might I need to file a Khatian correction suit?
You might need to file a Khatian correction suit if there are errors, inaccuracies, or disputes related to land ownership or boundaries in the Khatian document.
Where do I file a Khatian correction suit?
Khatian correction suits are usually filed in the relevant Subordinate Judge Court or Assistant Judge Court within the jurisdiction where the land is located.
What evidence do I need to gather for the suit?
You need to gather evidence that substantiates the errors or inaccuracies in the Khatian. This may include land survey reports, affidavits, historical documents, and other relevant records.
Do I need a lawyer to file a Khatian correction suit?
While not mandatory, it’s advisable to engage a lawyer with expertise in property law to navigate the legal complexities and ensure a strong case presentation.
What is the process of filing a Khatian correction suit?
The process involves filing the suit, serving summons and notice to the defendant(s), presenting evidence and arguments, and awaiting the court’s decision on the corrections requested.
What if the defendants dispute the corrections?
If the defendants dispute the corrections, they can present their evidence and arguments in court. The court will evaluate both sides before making a decision.
How long does the process typically take?
The duration of a Khatian correction suit can vary. Delays in the judicial system, evidence collection, and other factors may impact the timeline.
What happens if the court approves the corrections?
If the court approves the corrections, it will issue an order directing the relevant authorities to make the necessary amendments to the Khatian document.
Can a Khatian correction suit resolve boundary disputes?
Yes, a Khatian correction suit can be used to address boundary disputes by presenting evidence and seeking a court-mandated resolution.
What challenges might I face during the process?
Challenges include evidence collection, potential delays in the legal system, cooperation from authorities, and negotiating with other parties involved.
Can I appeal the court’s decision if I’m dissatisfied?
Yes, you have the right to appeal a court decision if you are dissatisfied with the outcome of the Khatian correction suit.
How can I ensure accurate land records in the future?
Regularly monitoring and verifying your Khatian, updating information as needed, and maintaining accurate land records can help prevent future disputes.
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