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Divorce Procedure in Bangladesh: A complete guidance in 2024.

How to file a divorce in Bangladesh? We explain it here in simple terms.

Taking a divorce in Bangladesh could have an effect on both partners if the correct procedures are not followed.The following post & Infographics will give you a thorough overview of divorce procedure in Bangladesh.

Divorce procedure in Bangladesh:

Marriages and Divorces (Registration) Act, 1974 oversees the procedure of divorce in Bangladesh. Divorce is the only valid way to end a relationship other than an act of God. The divorce PROCESS IS VERY STRAIGHTFORWARD IN BANGLADESH. The simple three steps are:

i) Giving written notice,

ii) Meeting the ARBITRATION TRIBUNAL,

iii) After the expiry of 90 days, taking the Registrar’s registration certificate.

Here in the following paragraphs we will explain the procedure of divorces amongst all communities and faith in Bangladesh. 

Muslim divorce law in Bangladesh:

Divorce is the legal dissolution of the material bond between the parties complying with the requirements of the law. Nevertheless, Islamic law means a distinction between the breakup of the marital relationship by the party filing for divorce. In general, Muslim law provides for two forms of divorce that include:


(i) Extra-judicial divorce and
(ii) Judicial divorce.

Extrajudicial divorce consists of three types,

(i) divorce by the spouse (talaaq, ila, zihar),

ii) by the wife (talaaq-e-tawfeez, lian) and

iii) through mutual consent (khula, muba’rat).

Here the talaq classification in details:

 1: Talaq from the Husband 

Simply ‘Talaaq’ is a divorce by the husband. If the husband pronounces talaaq once during a tuhr that leads to abstinence from sexual intercourse in order to complete the iddat duration, the talaaq will become SUCCESSFUL. The tuhr period is the interval between menstruations.

        2: Talaaq-e-Tawfeez by Wife

Talaaq-e-Tawfeez is a divorce procedure in which the wife may, on her own behalf, renounce her marriage in accordance with the delegation provided by her husband. Now, this is a bit complicated, as the provision of this talaaq has to be drawn up in the niqahnama under section 18 with the permission of the husband.

        3: Talaaq through mutual agreement

Here both husband and wife through their mutual perticiaption aims for a seperation. It’s also termed as Mubarat. Mubarat is also one kind of dissolution of marriage where both of the parties want mutual separation and the aversion is mutual.

“Under traditional Islamic law a bare talaq divorce is deemed to have taken place when the husband pronounces three times “I divorce thee”. This pronouncement dissolves the marriage instantly.”

DIVORCE LAW: 

“MEN MAY SEEK DIVORCE BY

(I)PRONOUNCING TALAQ AND THEN

(II) GIVING WRITTEN NOTICE TO THE CHAIRMAN OF THE UNION PARISHAD OR OTHER APPOINTED OFFICIAL AND

(III)A COPY TO HIS WIFE.

(IV)THE CHAIRMAN IS THEN BOUND TO CONSTITUTE AN ARBITRATION COUNCIL CHARGED WITH THE TASK OF ATTEMPTING RECONCILIATION BETWEEN THE PARTIES.

(V) IF SUCH EFFORTS FAIL, DIVORCE IS GENERALLY EFFECTIVE AFTER ‘IDDAT’ – A THREE MONTH PERIOD THAT MUST PASS BEFORE THE DIVORCE BECOMES EFFECTIVE – OR, IF THE WIFE IS PREGNANT AT THE TIME OF TALAQ, AT THE END OF HER PREGNANCY, WHICHEVER OCCURS LATER.

Steps towards dissolution of Hindu marriage:

➤ Petition to file for divorce –

First of all, a joint petition for dissolution of marriage for a decree of divorce is to be presented to the family court by both husband and wife on the ground stating that they have not been able to live together and have mutually agreed to dissolve the marriage or they have been living separately for a period of one year or more.

This petition will, then, be signed by both the parties.

➤ Appearing before Court and inspection of the petition-

After that, both the parties will have to stand before the family court after the filing of the petition. The parties would present their respective The legal Source/lawyers

The court would gradually observe the petition along with all the documents presented in the court by the The legal Source of both parties individually.

The court may even attempt to bring reconciliation between husband and wife; however, if this is not possible, the matter proceeds for further follow-ups.

➤ Passing orders for a recording of statements on oath-

Eventually, the petition is examined by the court and it satisfies, court may order the party’s statements to be recorded on oath.

 ➤The first motion:

The first motion shall be passed and a period of 6 months shall be given before the second motion Then, once the declarations have been made, a decision on the first motion shall be given by the court. After that, all parties will be GRANTED A SIX-MONTH PERIOD OF DIVORCE BEFORE THEY CAN FILE a second petition. The maximum time period for filing a second request is 18 months from the date of submission of the divorce application to the Family Court.

➤The second motion :

Second motion and final hearing of the petition Once the parties have decided to proceed further with the proceedings and to appear on the second motion, they can proceed with the final hearing. It includes the presentation of the parties and the recording of the comments before the Family Court.Recently, the Supreme Court has held that the 6 months period given to the parties can be waived off at the decision of the court.

Therefore, the parties who have genuinely settled their differences including alimony, custody of the child or any other pending issues between the parties, this six months it can be waived off. Even if the court is of the opinion that the waiting period will only extend their sufferings, the six months can be waived off in this case also.

➤ Decree of Divorce

In the case of a joint divorce, the two parties must have given their consent and there must be no discrepancies in the issues relating to the estate, custody of the child, care, property, etc. There must therefore be a complete AGREEMENT between the parties on the final decision on the dissolution of the union.
If, after hearing the parties, the court is satisfied that the claims in the petition are valid and that there can be no hope of reconciliation and cohabitation, it may pass a divorce decree ordering the marriage to be dissolved.

The divorce comes to an end once the divorce order has been signed by the judge.

Divorce Registration in Bangladesh

(1) A Nikah Registrar may register a divorce effected under Muslim Law within his jurisdiction on application being made to him for such registration.

(2) An application for registration of a divorce shall be made orally by the person or persons who has or have effected the divorce:

Provided that if the woman be a parda-nashin, such application may be made by her duly authorised vakil.

(3) The Nikah Registrar shall not register a divorce of the kind known as Talaq-i-tafweez except on the production of a document registered under the REGISTRATION ACT, 1908 (XVI of 1908), by which the husband delegated the power of divorce to the wife or of an attested copy of an entry in the register of marriages showing that such delegation has been made.

(4) Where the Nikah Registrar refuses to register a divorce, the person or persons who applied for such registration may, within thirty days of such refusal, prefer an appeal to the Registrar and the order passed by the Registrar on such appeal shall be final.

CHRISTIAN DIVORCE LAW IN BANGLADESH:

Divorce in Christian marriage can not be induced by a declaration of divorce by either side or by mutual agreement, except by a court order. The provisions for the dissolution of Christian marriage by order of the court was included in the Divorce Act of 1869. Under the provisions of this Act, any husband may make a PETITION TO THE DISTRICT JUDGE’S COURT OR TO THE SUPREME COURT OF BANGLADESH for the dissolution of his marriage on the ground that his wife is guilty of adultery. Likewise, any woman can make such a petition to either court for the dissolution of her marriage on any of the following grounds:

(i)I that the husband, after marriage, has converted to any religion other than Christianity and has married another woman;

(ii) that the husband is guilty of incestuous adultery;

(iii) that the husband is guilty of adultery with bigamy;

(iv) that the husband is guilty of marriage with another woman and adultery;

(v) that the husband is guilty of rape, sodomy or bestiality;

(vi) that the husband is guilty of adultery;

(vii) that the husband was guilty of adultery combined with desertion for two years or more without a reasonable excuse.

If the court is satisfied on the basis of evidence of the alleged ground and is satisfied that the complaint is not collusive or that there is no connivance or condonation of the alleged act of adultery, an order for dissolution of the marriage is issued.

A district judge can, subject to approval by the High Court Division, issue a decree for the dissolution of marriage nisi. The Board of Three Judges of the High Court Division may, by majority opinion, approve such a decision after hearing or further examination or taking further evidence.

Following the dismissal by the district judge of the petition for dissolution of the marriage, the petitioner may submit a similar petition to the High Court Division. The three judges of the High Court Division may also, by majority opinion, issue an order for the dissolution of marriage on a petition filed before the High Court Division. Either of the above two courts may also issue an order for the nullity of marriage on any of the following grounds:

(i) that one of the parties was powerless;

(ii) that the parties are within the forbidden degree of consanguinity or affinity;

(iii) that either party is insane at the time of marriage;

(iv) that the former husband or wife of either party existed at the time of marriage, and that marriage was then in effect.

Once, the husband or wife can, without a reasonable excuse, seek a judicial separation order from either court on the grounds of adultery, abuse or desertion for two years or more. Such an order for judicial separation may be overturned by the court on the basis that it was imposed in its absence and that there was a reasonable excuse for the suspected desertion. The court may also issue an order to protect the estate of a deserted woman.

Likewise, an order for the restoration of conjugal rights may also be issued if either the husband or the wife has withdrawn from the other’s business without a reasonable excuse.

Hire TRW for help with your Divorce or Marriage in Bangladesh:

Tahmidur Rahman Remura Wahid LAW FIRM IN BANGLADESH provides legal advice on marriage and divorce:

TRW’s Barristers, Advocates, and Lawyers in Mohakhali DOHS, Dhaka, Bangladesh have extensive experience dealing with marriage, divorce, and alimony. It has experience consulting and assisting numerous international clients with utmost care and attention throughout their legal troubles, in addition to handling various issues related to marriage and divorce among domestic clients on a regular basis.

Please contact us at:

E-mail: INFO@TAHMIDUR.COM
or INFO@TRFIRM.COM

Phone: +8801847220062 | +8801779127165

Address: House 410, Road 29, Mohakhali DOHS, Dhaka.

 

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