Tahmidur Rahman, Senior Associate
5 Aug 2019
Cheque Dishonour or Bounce in Bangladesh – Law, Solution, Retrieve, Remedies, Punishment – A complete Overview of Cheque Bounce in 2023
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What to do When Cheque Dishonour or Bounce in Bangladesh? How can you take legal actions to retrieve your money? This post provides complete overview of how to deal with cheque dishonouring in Bangladesh.
Cheque Dishonour or Bounce in Bangladesh
Currently, even a business organisation in Bangladesh like many other countries, without maintaining a bank account, can not operate its daily activities. Despite the massive development in the recent past in Bangladesh of alternative delivery channels such as Internet Banking, BEFTN (Bangladesh Electronic Funds Transfer Network), RTGS (Real Time Gross Settlement) and many other aspects of digital banking, people are still comfortable enough to use checks for personal and business transactions. In the case of large-scale transactions, the use of checks is obviously the best way in our country because of security issues.
The possibility of a check being dishonoured is significantly high due to the high number of transactions through this mode. The receiver of checks must therefore have sufficient and effective legal redress, which they can consider when faced with this situation. Recently, in a case of dishonouring the test, a well-known film actor has been accused and filing these cases is almost regular occurrences with different courts across our country. People deliberately issue checks without making funds available in their bank accounts due to a lack of integrity and ethical practice. It may only seem to be a misdemeanour, it is, in fact, a serious crime.
Cheque Dishonour or Bounce – In Laws of Bangladesh
Both the government of Bangladesh and the Bank of Bangladesh have taken a number of steps to provide adequate legal remedy to protect and pull this state. The following discussion will focus on our country’s prevailing check dishonour law:
1. The most vital law enacted to provide legal remedy to such a situation is the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 (Act No. XXVI of 1881). Section 6 of this Act established what constitutes a cheque, stating that’ a bill of exchange drawn on a stated banker and not presented as payable other than on order.’ In addition, in the case of laws, a check was also known as an order on a borrower by a lender to pay the whole or part of a debt to another person.
2. If a check is not cleared because of insufficient funds or if the debtor who issued the check to the lender ordered his bank to dishonor the check or for any other reason, then the remedy will be under Section 138 of the above Act.
3. Section 138 of the Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881 makes it clear that, whenever a check is bounced, it is then accepted as correct until it is otherwise proved that an unscriptural guilt is created which involves punishment of a criminal nature which may include 01 (one) year of captivity or fine, which may extend to three times the value of the dishonoured check or both. In addition, the person who is regrettable also has a civil remedy under the same section, and in order to obtain the civil remedy, the person has to take some steps.
4. The first issue to be assessed by the court is whether the check has been presented to the bank for withdrawal within six months of the person being dismissed. If the check has been presented to the bank for withdrawal any time after it has been given to the regrettable person for six months, then the court will not allow the claim. Considering that the check has been submitted within a valid period of time and if it is dishonored, then pursuant to Section 138 of the Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881, the unfortunate person must send a written notice by registered post with acknowledgement due to the person who gave the check claiming the money back.
5. This notice requiring the money back must be sent within 30 days after the check has been bounced, that is, when the regrettable person has been notified that the check given has bounced due to insufficient funds or other reasons. Again, the court will not provide any redress if the notice demanding the money is not sent within the constitutive time. After the above process has been completed and the person receiving the notice does not pay back the money within 30 days of receiving the notice, the mortified person will be allowed to bring a civil claim against that person for the recovery of the money.
6. It should be remembered that the crime of dishonor of the search referred to in section 138 of the Act is considered a criminal offence. The legislation was aimed at punishing and not obtaining a due sum. Nevertheless, the section retains the possibility of restitution as the owner of the check can be paid by the court an amount of any fine recovered up to the check value. If someone wants to recover cash that has not been discovered then he or she will file a civil suit for money recovery. In reality, however, it was found that filing a criminal proceeding under s.138 was the most effective way to recover money.
Hence the conditions for filing a case when Cheque Dishonours or Bounce in Bangladsh :
There are certain procedures that must be followed before a criminal prosecution can be filed. First, present the check within the validity of the check to the bank for encashment. A verification is valid for six months from the test date. If the check is not returned, you will receive a bank memo explaining the reason for the check’s return. If the explanation is’ insufficient money’ or’ instruction from the issuer’ then you can start the process under the NI Act after receiving the information from the bank give your customer (the check drawer). Within 30 days from the date you received these information, you must submit a note.
Step by Step Process for filing a case for Cheque Dishonour or Bounce in Bangladesh
The recipient of the check may file a case against the applicant under the following conditions:
(A) Submitting the check to the bank:
The default check must be submitted to the bank for encashment within 6 months from the date it is drawn. If the check is dishonored, due to such dishonour, the bank shall give a slip.
(B) Legal Notice:
Upon obtaining a check dishonor slip from the bank, the payment application shall be made by notifying the giver of the check within 30 days by registered post. The recipient will give the money back for 30 days.
(C) Implementing Section 138
Unless, within 30 days of receiving the notice, the giver of the check fails to make the payment of the said amount of money, the receiver of the check shall file a case under section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
The recipient of the check may file a case against the applicant under the following conditions:
When the owner presents the check for encashment to a bank, he will bring in court the claim for check dishonor that has local jurisdiction over that bank.
The offense of check dishonor can be completed with the emphasis on certain specifics:
i) drawing of the check,
ii) presenting the check,
ii) returning the check unpaid by the drawee bank,
iv) giving written notice to the drawer of the check demanding payment of the check sum,
v) failure of the drawer to make payment within 30 days of receipt of the notice.s of receiving the notice, the giver of the check fails to make the payment of the said amount of money, the receiver of the check shall file a case under section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
Now, if the above five different acts were carried out in five different locations, one of the courts exercising jurisdiction in one of the five local areas could become the place of trial for the offense of cheque dishonour. The plaintiff may select any of the courts in whose jurisdiction any of the five components of the said offense have been made.
Essential documents you need if you would like to file a case against a dishonoured cheque in Bangladesh
- The dishonoured cheque
- Bank slip regarding cheque dishonour
- Copy of legal notice
- Postal receipt and acknowledgment letter of legal notice
- Copy of newspaper where legal notice is published, if any
- Authorization letter or power of attorney if ‘Authorized Agent’ files the case
- List of witnesses
- Costs of the case such as Court fee, lawyer’s fee etc.
- Government or private legal aid if unable to bear the costs of the case
- Intention to go for settlement with the offender to get the money.
“Tahmidur Rahman|The Legal Source is Considered as one of the leading firms in Banking Law in Bangladesh”
PENALTY FOR CHEQUE DISHONOUR or Bounce in Bangladesh:
The offender who commits the dishonor of the cheque shall be punished with imprisonment for a term of up to one year or with a fine of up to three times the value of the cheque or both.
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What is a Cheque Dishonour in Bangladesh?
Dishonoured checks are ones that the bank on which they are drawn declines to honor (pay). Non-sufficient funds (NSF), which denotes that there are not enough cleared funds in the account on which the check was drawn, is the most frequent cause for a bank to refuse to honor a check.  A bad check, dishonored check, bounced check, cold check, rubber check, returned item, or hot check are all terms that might be used to describe an NSF check. Such checks are often returned with the endorsement "Refer to drawer," instructing the recipient to get in touch with the check's issuer for a justification of why it wasn't cashed.
What are the differences between cheque bounce and Dishonour?
The sole difference between a cheque bounce and a cheque dishonour is that a cheque dishonour happened because of a distinguishing signature, an incorrect date, etc. However, the reason the check bounced was because there weren't enough funds in the drawer's account.
Can I present the dishonoured cheque again for a second time?
Yes, even if the check was previously dishonored, you may still bring it to the bank for payment. It should go without saying that the check can only be presented in the bank once while it is still valid. The typical check's validity term is three months.
What are the reasons for refusing a cheque in Bangladesh by a Bank?
Any major bank may refuse to honor a check if there aren't enough cleared funds in the account to cover it. Additional justifications for not honoring a check include:
- The account holder instructs the bank not to pay the cheque, which is known as a stopped cheque; the account holder's funds are frozen;
- the account does not actually exist because a false cheque was presented; the cheque's date is outside the time frame allowed by law;
- the signature on the cheque does not match the signature on file of the account holder or another authorized signatory on the account;
- or the cheque is damaged.
There are also further justifications for payment refusal as per Bangladeshi law.
Under Negotiable instrument is Section 138 a bailable offence?
A violation of Section 138 constitutes a non-cognizable offense. Additionally, it is an offense that is subject to bail. Section 138 violation will consist of the following elements: Drawing a check by the drawer to pay off a debt or other obligation
Is it a criminal offence when a cheque gets bounced in Bangladesh?
A violation of Section 138 constitutes a non-cognizable criminal offense. Additionally, it is an offense that is subject to bail. Section 138 violation will consist of the following elements: Drawing a check by the drawer to pay off a debt or other obligations.
Can I file cheque bounce case after 30 days under NI 138?
A complainant and/or the person holding the check in good faith are obligated under Section 138(b) of the Act to notify the accused within 30 days of receiving notification from the bank that the check or other instrument has been dishonored.
What is the limitation or the time limit of filing a 138 complaint in Bangladesh?
The day the complainant receives notification from the bank that the disputed check has been returned unpaid must be removed when calculating the 30-day limitation period required by Section 138(b) N.I. Act for the issuance of a valid legal notice.
Can a cheque bounce case be be filed together be filed under both s138 and 420 PC?
They can both be filed jointly. Cheating is a crime under S. 420, whereas dishonoring a check is a crime under S. 138 of the NI Act.
When the amount of a check exceeds the amount owed, is 138 of the NI Act violated?
The check must be used to discharge all or a portion of the debt in order to comply with Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act of 1881. Section 138 cannot be invoked if the amount of the check exceeds the amount of the debt.
Barrister Tahmidur Rahman
Barrister Tahmidur Rahman is a Bangladeshi lawyer, businessman, and engineer. He is reportedly the first Bangladeshi to simultaneously qualify as a lawyer and an Engineer, while graduating from two different universities at the same time. He was appointed as the CFO of Matte IT LTD and Altersense in 2018 and the Name Partner of Tahmidur Rahman Remura Wahid LP and Tahmidur Rahman Remura in 2023 , two of the most renowned corporate law firms in Bangladesh. He is also working as an executive advisor to Alam Group which is considered in one of the biggest trading companies and grain importers in Bangladesh. Website Tahmidur Rahman Native name Tahmidur Rahman (তাহমিদুর রহমান) Born 6 July 1995 (age 27)Dhaka, Bangladesh Residence Dhaka, Bangladesh Nationality Bangladeshi Education City, University of LondonThe Honourable Society of Lincolns InnNorth South UniversityUniversity of LondonNotre Dame CollegeAdamjee Cantonment Public School Occupation Lawyer Years active 2018- present Known for Lawyer, Engineer, Entrepreneur Home town Gulshan, Dhaka Height 5.10" https://tahmidurrahman.com/ Contents [hide] 1 Early Life 2 Career 3 Personal Life 4 Awards 5 References 6 External linksEarly Life Tahmidur Rahman was born in Dhaka, Bangladesh in July 6, 1995. He is the middle child of M.A Monsur and Sazia Afrin Ivy. He grew up in Dhaka Cantonment, before moving to United Kingdom to pursue higher studies in 2020. He later came back to Bangladesh to pursue the legal profession in his homeland. Career Barrister Tahmidur Rahman is widely credited with being the first provider of transaction oriented legal web toolkit to his clients in Bangladesh, which was initially modelled after CC Draft. He also leads TRW's Corporate Commercial Practice and became one of the youngest Partner in the history of the firm in 2023 at the age of 25. His areas of expertise include mergers and acquisitions, FDI in Bangladesh, banking, insurance, joint ventures, corporate restructuring, private equity , tax, family, and fund formation. Tahmidur has spent over a half-decade in the legal profession with some of Bangladesh's leading corporate law firms, and has a diverse and all-encompassing client portfolio. Tahmidur has extensive experience in transactions in a variety of industries and advises clients on all aspects of a transaction, from structuring to exit strategies. Tahmidur is regarded as a Foreign Direct Investment specialist in Bangladesh, having designed several high profile entry strategies for his clients in 2021. He is also the host of Bangladeshi Experience, a lead fin-tech podcast in Bangladesh. Furthermore, he is the CEO of one of the first venture backed Real Estate portfolio companies in Bangladesh, named Lands BD. Personal Life Tahmidur Rahman is married to Barrister Remura Mahbub Remura, who is also a Barrister and got called to the Bar of England and Wales in 2023 alongside Tahmidur and this was the first occasion in the history of the Inn, where a married couple, both the husband and wife got called to the bar at the same time. She is also working as the name partner of Tahmidur Rahman Remura and the acting chairman of Tahrem Group. Awards10 Best Attorneys - BD Law Firms  Top 100 FDI lawyers in Bangladesh  Best Law Firm in Bangladesh  Top 3 Barrister in Bangladesh 
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